Anemia During Pregnancy

The red blood cells contain a protein known as hemoglobin. This protein is responsible for conducting oxygen from the lungs to all the other parts of the body. When the hemoglobin level is low in the blood, the rest of the body is deprived of optimum levels of oxygen. This condition is termed as anemia.

Anemic in pregnancy

During pregnancy, a woman needs 30% more blood. Being anemic during pregnancy places both the woman and child at a high risk for serious health issues.

Risk factors of being anaemic

Morning sickness (vomiting) during the early days of pregnancy increases the risk of anemia in expectant mothers. The other risk factors can be enlisted as 
  1.  Abnormal loss of blood during a surgery or due to injury
  2.  Minimal gap between two pregnancies
  3. Teenage pregnancy
  4.  Possibility of multiple births (conceiving twins/triplets)
  5. Insufficient iron supplementing in daily diet

Symptoms of anaemia

  1. Irregular heartbeat
  2. Abnormal paleness of skin
  3. Cold toes and fingers
  4. Unexplained exhaustion
  5. Unexplained craving to consume ice cubes, clay or paint
  6. A feeling of weakness
  7. Nausea
  8. Dizziness

Consequences of untreated anemia in expectant mothers

  1. Abnormal loss of blood during delivery
  2. Need for blood transfusion
  3. Depression in new mother after delivery
  4. Premature delivery

Treatment for anaemia

A preliminary blood test determines the hemoglobin count in the blood (Normal 12 to 15 mg).  If there is a deficiency, the doctor will prescribe the right iron supplemented medication, to be taken through out the period of pregnancy in order to ensure that anemia does not occur.

Periodic blood tests after iron supplementing has begun will monitor whether the hemoglobin count is optimum.

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