Bladder Cancer

When the cells in the bladder region grow abnormally, and the abnormal cells increase manifold the region of abnormal cells is termed as tumor. When the tumor turns malignant, it is called cancer. Malignant tumors reach out into other regions of the body and take away the nutrients and oxygen meant for them.  

 

Cancer in the bladder, if not checked or treated in time, usually spreads to the neighboring regions and the lymph before reaching the liver, bones or lungs through the blood supply.  

 

Types of Bladder Cancer

 

The type of bladder cancer depends on the region where the cells become cancerous inside it.


1.    Urothelial carcinoma: The most common type of bladder cancer when the cells lining the innermost wall of the bladder become cancerous (Prevalence in the US: 9/10 of all bladder cancers)


2.    Adenocarcinoma: When the cells of the glands pertaining to the bladder become cancerous (Prevalence: 1/100 to 2/100)


3.    Squamous cell carcinoma: When the thin flat cells that are formed as a result of months or years of irritation and inflammation of the bladder, become cancerous (Prevalence: 3/100 to 8/100)

 

Causes For Bladder Cancer

 

No direct causes are identified; but there are some pointers to agents that increase the risk of the disease

1.    Genetic factors


2.    More industrialized environment; especially exposure to an environment of certain chemicals


3.    Lifestyle and food habits; bladder cancer risk is higher for people who eat a lot of animal fat and fried meat


4.    Cigarette smoke: Seemingly the highest risk factor for the disease. People who smoke are very much more likely to develop bladder cancer than those who do not.


5.    Intake of herbs like Aristolochia fangchi: This plant has been a part of Chinese, ancient Greek and Egyptian remedies. The herbal extract for weight loss is found to contain the toxic aristolochic acid. This chemical, studies show, increases the risk of bladder cancer.


6.    It is more common in people who are 50 years and above though age is no criterion for the disease. Also, men are more at risk for the ailment than women

 

Symptoms Of Bladder Cancer

 

1.    Irritation or pain during urination

2.    The urge to urinate even when bladder is empty

3.    Frequent urination

4.    Urine is accompanied by blood discharge; sometimes urine turns pink when the blood combines with it

5.    Change in color of urine

Almost all these symptoms are indicative of other health issues too. It is important to seek the correct diagnosis in order to avail prompt and effective treatment

 

Treatment Of bladder Cancer

 

Treatment depends on

1.    Age, sex and health issues of the patient
2.    How far the cancer has progressed
3.    The methodology of the urologist you consult

 

In general, there are two ways to treat this cancer. They are (1) radiation therapy and (2) chemotherapy. Immunotherapy is also considered for treatment sometimes. This is a biological therapy that supports the intrinsic ability of the body to fight cancer.

 


Top Comments


I had bad acne when I was younger and tried many of these home reedmies I can tell you that they didn't work at all from my experience and sometimes made my acne worse or gave me huge red rashes on my skin. Not pretty!Honestly, the best thing is a good acne scrub and antibacterial soap wash your face with hot water morning and night, and use soap and a good scrub. Benzoyl peroxide works well for many people and is easy to find at the drug store (didn't work for me because I'm highly allergic to it).
by Mini     06-Aug-2012

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