Diabetes in Young Age Causes and Effects

Insulin is one of hormone that is involved to regulate the way the body converts the sugar into energy. Type 1diabetes; in this the pancreas does not produce the insulin. Though, type 1 diabetes can occur at any age, but this generally first develops in adolescence or childhood. It accounts for about 510% of the diabetic cases. People suffering from this diabetes are required to take insulin shots daily and monitor the blood glucose level carefully. This is, also known as juvenile-onset or juvenile diabetes. People suffering from this type of diabetes usually exhibit the presence of ketones in urine and blood.

Causes and effects of diabetes: In Type 1 diabetes, the pancreas cells making insulin gets destroyed and causes insulin lack, this is considered the result of body getting attacked and destroying its own pancreas cells, which is called as autoimmune reaction. This occurs due to various reasons and they are:
  • exposure to chemical toxins that are food-borne;
  • infection with a certain bacteria or virus;
  • exposure as an infant to the milk of cow, in this a component that is still unidentified trigger the autoimmune reaction.
You can easily figure out the type1 diabetes by knowing the following symptoms and they are: frequent urination, sudden loss of weight, blurred vision, irritability, extreme hunger, excessive thirst and extreme fatigue.
The effects and main complications of type1 diabetes are:
  • Microvascular-complication in small blood vessels like Diabetic retinopathy
  • Macrovascular- complication in large blood vessels like heart disease and strokes
  • Diabetic Neuropathy- problems related to nerve
  • Diabetic Nephropathy- problem related to kidney
  •  Infection problems
  • Skin problems
  • Diabetic Foot
  • Diabetic Maculopathy- damage to part of the eye (macula) 
  • Genito-urinary problems
  • Mouth problems

The main treatment recommended for the type 1 diabetes is insulin replacement therapy.

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