Pelvic Pain Causes and Symptoms

Pelvis pain is generally thought to be a gynecological disorder, though non gynecological causes may also cause pelvic pain. The treatment varies depending upon the cause and symptoms. Pelvic pain may be acute or chronic and may be triggered off during passing of urine, menstruation or intercourse. 


Some of the common causes of pelvic pain are:


1.   Endometriosis: This is a condition where the endometrium (uterine lining)) grows outside the uterus .the tissue may attach itself to the ovaries, fallopian tubes and in some cases, even to the intestine. Endometriosis causes intense pain during menstrual periods. Residual blood trapped in the ovary builds up into painful cysts. The tissue adheres to the uterus causing scar tissue. Extreme endometriosis results in fertility issues.


2.   Vulvodynia: The symptoms of this disorder include burning sensation in the pelvis, irritation and rawness in the region of the vulva.

The cause of vulvodynia is not known but the nerves, tissue and muscles surrounding the vulva get inflamed.


3.   Pelvic adhesions: This disorder is caused when tissue binds together organs in the lower abdominal cavity. Abnormal growth of the tissue occurs due to previous surgery, pelvic infections or endometriosis. This condition is difficult to diagnose during a physical examination and often requires laparoscopy for diagnosis and treatment.



4.   Fibroids: Benign growths on the uterine walls cause pelvic pain accompanied by menstrual disruptions. The fibroids are often self limiting but bigger growth may require surgical removal.


5.   Irritable bowel syndrome: This is a malady affecting the gastro intestinal tract and causes diarrhea or constipation. The patient suffers from bloating and discomfort upon eating food which are relieved by bowel movement. Irritable bowel syndrome is usually treated by a gastro intestinal specialist using a combination of dietary restrictions and antibiotics.


6.   Urinary Tract infections: Infections or cysts in the urinary tract cause acute pelvic pain and are usually accompanied by high degree fever. Kidney stones are known to cause unbearable pain in the pelvis and back.


7.   Musculoskeletal causes: Injury to muscles, joints and nerves of the pelvis lead to dysfunction and pain. Pregnancy and childbirth stretches the muscles on the pelvic floor. Wear and tear of these muscles causes intense pelvic pain.


8.   Psychological factors: Chronic pelvic pain is often an early symptom of depression. Emotional stress causes the pain to worsen and it leads the patient further into physical distress.


9.   Pregnancy related disorders: Acute pelvic pain is often one of the early signs of a miscarriage. Ectopic pregnancies, wherein the fertilized egg attaches itself to the fallopian tubes causes a feeling of fullness and discomfort in he pelvic region. Medical treatment should be taken immediately for pregnancy related pelvic pain.


One of the ovaries releases the egg one week prior to menses. The hormone progesterone is secreted causing the ovary to enlarge. The veins in the area dilate and become swollen leading to pain in the pelvic area

Top Comments

And to think I was going to talk to someone in person about this.
by Gina     19-Feb-2012

Post your Comments




Related Topics