Risks Involved In Cosmetic Surgeries

Cosmetic surgery is, by and large, a risk free procedure with a minimum of complications. A 1997 study found that only one person in 57000 people, who opted for it, succumbed to the procedure and the rate of severe side effects was lower than 0.5%.  

However, there are a few instances when things do not work out, leading to possible death. Prior to any surgical procedure, it is always good to be aware of the possible dangers involved.  
 
There is a certain amount of risk involved in any surgery. The complications include
  • Disrupted rhythm in heartbeats, possibility of stroke, blood clot or heart attack
  •  Breathing problem, damage caused to the nervous system, brain damage, short term paralysis and possibly death
  • Lowering of blood pressure during an operation is quite common. However, if the blood pressure drops suddenly then the patient is at risk to experience irregular heartbeats and a possible heart attack
The most significant disadvantage of cosmetic surgery is that it may not have an outcome you expected. This may cause an emotional and mental stress that is hard to bear. Though there could be methods of setting the problem right, what is already done can not be changed. 
 
Another aspect of risk in cosmetic surgery are the negative side effects that may arise after the operation. These include
  •  Scarring
  •  Necrosis (disorganized breakdown of flesh in some parts of the body) 
  •  Seroma (collection of fluid under the skin)
  •  If the stitches are not secure enough, a person who has just undergone surgery may develop hernia or experience internal bleeding
  • Chronic pain in the region of surgery
  • Aspiration (vomitting) during surgery leads to chronic cough, possible infection, breathing difficulty and pneumonia
  • Complications arising from administering anesthesia (both general and local)
  • Delayed healing process
  • Loss of symmetry after the operation
  • Infection in cosmetic surgery is extremely rare, thanks to the optimal antibiotics prescribed. But when it does occur, it is a cause for great concern. It has also been noticed that people who regularly take steroids and heavy smokers stand a greater risk of infection than others
  • Clotting of blood is another complication. People who are obese, people who have health disorders that influence clotting of blood, people with heart, nervous sytem or breathing problems or those who have just been treated for some injury are more at risk for blood clots
  • Change in overall appearance because of newly formed dimples or puckering of skin
  •  If cosmetic surgery concerns the eye, side effects, ranging from simple to severe arise. These include
  • Occasional blindness
  • Damage to optical nerves
  • Bleeding
  • Dryness in eyes
  • Short term loss of hair of the eyelashes
  • Damage to muscles in the optic region
  • Eye infection
  • Damage to optical blood vessels

 The risk of complications is higher in women who have

·      Been taking treatment for hormonal correction
·      Discontiued contraceptives
·      A practice of takingcontraceptives regularly
 
Complications and risks in cosmetic surgery are few and far between. There are some complications that are general to any surgery and some that are specific to cosmetic surgery. Good practices and a healthy life style contribute to lessening the risk factors.



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