Skin Cancer Treatments

There are different methods of skin cancer treatment available in order to take care of different types of skin cancers. For instance, basal cell carcinomas which are the most common type of skin cancers can be treated by curettage and desiccation. In this technique used for skin cancer treatment, the dermatologists generally scoop out the basal cell carcinoma. This is achieved by using a spoon like instrument known as curette. This skin cancer treatment method is one of the most preferred methods of treatment by the dermatologists. Another skin cancer treatment method called desiccation primarily involves the application of electric control current in order to control bleeding and also for killing the cancer cells. The skin can also be healed without stitching. This skin cancer treatment method is especially preferred for treating small cancers especially the ones which occur in the areas such as trunk and extremities.

Surgical excision is another skin cancer treatment method. In this method, the tumor is cut out and is also stitched up. Yet another method of skin cancer treatment is radiation therapy. In this technique, the doctors generally use radiation therapy for taking care of the cancers which occur in areas which are actually difficult to treat with surgery. Several treatment sessions may be required while using this skin cancer treatment method.
Cryosurgery is another skin cancer treatment method. In this technique, good results can be achieved by the doctors by freezing the different types of basal cell carcinomas. In this technique, the use of liquid nitrogen is generally made in order freeze and thereafter kill the abnormal cells.
Another type of skin cancer treatment method is Mohs micrographic surgery. This technique involves the removal of the skin cancer using a microscopically controlled excision method. In this surgical method, a small piece of the tumor is first removed and it is examined under the microscope while performing the surgery. The sequence of excising out the tumor and examining the tumor is repeated several times in this skin cancer treatment method in order to ensure that there is no need of estimating the width and depth of the lesion.
Yet another skin cancer treatment method is ensuring medical therapy by employing use of creams. These creams basically target the cancer cells or they are also at times capable of stimulating the immune system. The advantage of this method is surgery can be avoided in such a condition. However, the disadvantages of this method include discomfort which can at times be extremely severe. Additionally, another disadvantage of this method is that it may lead to a lower cure rate. Thus this skin cancer treatment method is unsuitable for treating the different types of skin cancers which appear on the face.
In addition to employ a skin cancer treatment method to treat skin cancer, one can also prevent the sun exposure especially if an individual is susceptible to suffer from skin cancers. Prevention is actually one of the best possible ways to lower the risk of all types of skin cancers. Additionally, another important step that should be taken is regular surveillance of the individuals who are susceptible to suffer from skin cancers. This can be done by the individuals themselves by employing the self-examination method or by ensuring to get a regular physical examination done from a medical practitioner.  
The different preventive techniques that can be implemented include ensuring a limited exposure to sun for recreational purposes and otherwise also, ensuring protected exposure to sun whenever one is exposed to sun in the peak radiation times, making use of broad-brimmed hats and also using tightly woven and additionally protective clothing when one is exposed to sun. One can also use a water-resistant sunscreen lotion which is capable of UVA protection and has a sun protection of 30 or even higher than that.
However as far as skin cancer treatment methods are concerned, the most common forms of treatment are associated with surgical removal for both basal cell as well as squamous cell carcinomas. The people who wish to avoid surgery however can undergo radiation therapy and thus get treatment for their form of skin cancer. However, there are disadvantages associated with radiation therapy such as those associated with irritation or burning of the surrounding skin.



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