Treatment for Endometriosis

Endometriosis is a condition of abnormal growth of endometrial cells. These are the cells which form the inner wall of uterus but in this disease the growth of cells is found to occur outside the uterus. In normal condition, such endometrial cells shed every month during menstrual cycle. This disease affects women in early reproductive years and is found to affect five to ten percent of women. It is found to affect tall and thin women having lower body mass index. In this disease, endometrial cells get attached to the tissues present outside the uterus forming endometrial implants.

 

Such endometrial implants are common to be found on the fallopian tubes, on ovaries, on the outer surfaces of uterus or intestines and even over the surface lining of pelvic cavity. Apart from the above mentioned locations, they are common to be found in cervix, vagina and even bladder. In rare cases such implants can be noticed over liver, old surgery scars, outside pelvis, or around brain and lung.

 

Causes of Endometriosis

 
  1. Increased level of estrogen inside the body is one of the main reasons of endometriosis. The sufficient and necessary condition to maintain or induce endometriosis is fulfilled by estrogen.

  2. Retrograde menstruation is another factor that causes endometriosis. In this condition during a women’s menstrual cycle, some of the endometrial debris exits from the uterus through the fallopian tubes. This debris gets attached to the lining of abdominal surface also called peritoneal surface. At this stage they can proceed to attack the tissue as endometriosis. Almost every woman has this retrograde menstrual flow. These tissues are cleared by the immune system of the body and prevent their growth from this stage. However this is not the case with every woman. In some women, endometrial tissues may be able to establish and implant themselves as endometriosis, especially with women having low immunity.

  3. This theory states that those cells having potential to form them as endometriosis cells are laid down in tracts during the development of embryo and organogenesis. Female reproductive tracts are followed by such tracts.

Symptoms of Endometriosis

 
  1. Pelvic pain which is recurrent in nature

  2. Infertility

  3. Constipation

  4. Severe to mild fever

  5. Premenstrual spotting

  6. Depression

  7. Anxiety

  8. Back pain

  9. Extreme to mild pain during sexual intercourse

  10. Experience of extreme pain without or with the presence of menses

  11. Gastrointestinal problems including diarrhea, bloating and painful defecation

  12. Pain from adhesions which may bind an ovary to the side of the pelvic wall, or they may extend between the bladder and the bowel, uterus, etc.

  13. Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)

  14. Heavy or long uncontrollable menstrual periods with small or large blood clots

Treatment of Endometriosis

 
  1. Estrogen aggravates endometriosis. Various hormonal therapies are designed to cure endometriosis. Such therapies attempt to temper the production of estrogen inside the woman’s body. Some of such therapies are mirena (IUD), combined oral contraceptive pills (OC), danazol, GnRH-analogues, aromatase inhibitors etc.

  2. Another frequently followed approach is to remove all endometriotic cysts, lesions and adhesions with the help of surgery. The success rate of such surgeries is generally high and depends upon thoroughness of the surgery conducted and the skill set of the surgeon. Laparoscopic surgery is widely used for this purpose.

  3. A proper balanced diet is the best way to cure all diseases. Any woman suffering from endometriosis should take proper nutritional diet to increase her immunity power and help her recover from endometriosis. This will also help her to deal with potential side effects of the treatments of endometriosis.



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