What to do in Case Of Insect Bites and Stings

A majority of insects either bite or sting. However, in case the person is not allergic to the sting, it should not be a problem. Unless ofcourse, the insect is carrying a disease and will transfer it in case it bites or stings you. Similarly, if the insect is carrying poison, it will get transferred into your blood stream. A good example would be a mosquito bite. While a regular mosquito bite merely itches, other mosquitoes carry yellow fever or malaria which can be fatal.

What to do:

Step #1:
The first thing you should do is step away from the bee or insect. After bees sting, the other bees get alerted as well. Therefore, in order to avoid further stings, move away slowly.
It is important to stay calm and stay still as speedy movements will make the transfer of the venom into the bloodstream faster.
In case the insect has bitten or stung you on the leg or arm, make sure that the limb is kept as low as possible in order to slow down the speed of the venom in the bloodstream. However, later if/when swelling develops; keep the limb raised as this helps to sooth the skin.

Step#2:

Next, you should look for symptoms and signs so that you know exactly what to do in order to treat the affected area. These include:

1-In case a bee stings you, the area will swell up and you will experience minor pain.
2-In case a mosquito bites you, the area will itch and there will be slight redness
3-In case any other insect bites or stings you, symptoms include mild burning, itching and redness.

Step#3:

The next step is to treat the affected area:

1-Thoroughly inspect the area to find the stinger. In case a stinger is found, remove it gently in order to avoid infections. Avoid the use of tweezers as this can cause further infections. Use your fingers to scrape off the stinger from the skin.
2-In order to prevent the absorption of the toxin or poison into the blood stream, wash the area with cool water. Mix water and baking soda for further prevention of an infection.
3-If you are allergic to the insect, make sure you get medical help immeditely.Till medical help arrives, remove tight clothing and jewellery from the neck to make sure that the victim can breathe properly.

The reaction to the insect bite will depend on the sensitivity of your skin and your pain tolerance. It also depends on the nature of the venom and toxin of the insect. The most common reaction is itching or redness which disappears in a few hours or a day. In case you are allergic, the reactions can range from swollen glands to hives and high fever. It is recommended that you seek immediate medical help if you find it difficult to breathe after an insect bite or sting.

Follow-Up and Prevention:

In case you had to visit the emergency room due to an allergic reaction, they will give you an emergency kit in order to prevent the same reaction in the future. The kits include an injector, epinephrine, an antihistamine and a tourniquet.  
You will also be asked to visit an allergic for the purpose of getting therapy for desensitization. The doctor in this case will carry out a number of tests to figure out the type and category of venom or toxin that you are allergic to accordingly give the required treatment of desensitization. This treatment is recommended in order to avoid future reactions.

In case you want to avoid insect bites in the future, make sure you keep the following suggestions in mind:

1-Most mosquitoes can be found during dusk or dawn. Most are rampant during the evening time. Therefore, try to stay indoors during these periods.

2-In order to be completely safe, wear shirts with long sleeves, long pants and large hats to keep insects at bay. This keeps the skin protected and therefore, prevents insect bites and stings.

3-Insect repellents should be used for prevention as well. These must be applied onto shoes, mosquito nets, clothing and tents for maximum protection.

4-A number of ointments are available in drug-stores which can be applied onto the skin. These ointments keep insects at bay and protect your skin.
 



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